Writing in Academic Matters, a Canadian journal, Tariq Ramadan, a Swiss Islamic scholar, attacks Western universities for the way in which they teach about Islam and the use they make of Muslim scholars. He charges that universities in the West have focused on the struggle against terrorism and extremism, to the neglect of its theologically, philosophically, and historically broader and more important aspects. He questions whether scholars can adequately engage in such scholarship without a firm grounding in Arabic and Urdu, the languages in which much of Muslim thought is expounded.Ramadan also charges that there is a widespread evolution in Islamic thought which is being given inadequate attention. In addition, he questions what he sees as a prejudice against Muslim religious scholars. While non-Muslim scholars of Islam (one thinks of Bernard Lewis, a Jew) are judged capable of teaching and analyzing Islam, Muslim scholars are restricted and not seen as able to teach objectively about religions other than their own.